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Coach
Gross vehicle mass 18t, carrying capacity 5t, number of seats 50
Highway driving
Emissions per vehicle kilometre Emissions per passenger kilometre
CO [g/km] CO [g/pkm]
Emission standard Empty fully loaded (50 pass.) 14 passengers fully loaded (50 pass.)
--> 1992 1.3 1.4 0.09 0.027
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 1.1 1.2 0.081 0.024
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.86 1.0 0.064 0.020
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.80 1.0 0.061 0.020
EEV 0.52 0.85 0.044 0.017
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.52 0.85 0.044 0.017
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.52 0.80 0.043 0.016
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.20 0.40 0.018 0.0080
Average in 2016 0.56 0.82 0.045 0.016
HC [g/km] HC [g/pkm]
Emission standard Empty fully loaded (50 pass.) 14 passengers fully loaded (50 pass.)
--> 1992 0.37 0.40 0.027 0.0080
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.37 0.40 0.027 0.0080
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.24 0.25 0.017 0.0050
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.24 0.25 0.017 0.0050
EEV 0.026 0.027 0.0019 0.00054
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.026 0.027 0.0019 0.00054
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.040 0.050 0.0031 0.0010
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.020 0.020 0.0014 0.00040
Average in 2016 0.089 0.10 0.0065 0.0019
NOx [g/km] NOx [g/pkm]
Emission standard Empty fully loaded (50 pass.) 14 passengers fully loaded (50 pass.)
--> 1992 7.8 9.2 0.59 0.18
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 6.1 6.8 0.45 0.14
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 6.0 6.7 0.44 0.13
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 5.7 5.3 0.40 0.11
EEV 2.0 2.5 0.15 0.050
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 3.1 3.2 0.22 0.064
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 2.2 2.3 0.16 0.046
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.10 0.20 0.0091 0.0040
Average in 2016 3.1 3.1 0.22 0.063
PM [g/km] PM [g/pkm]
Emission standard Empty fully loaded (50 pass.) 14 passengers fully loaded (50 pass.)
--> 1992 0.23 0.27 0.017 0.0053
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.18 0.20 0.013 0.0040
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.10 0.11 0.0073 0.0023
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.10 0.10 0.0072 0.0021
EEV 0.031 0.033 0.0022 0.00065
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.031 0.033 0.0022 0.00065
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.031 0.033 0.0022 0.00065
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.015 0.015 0.0011 0.00030
Average in 2016 0.048 0.051 0.0035 0.0010
CH4 [g/km] CH4 [g/pkm]
Emission standard Empty fully loaded (50 pass.) 14 passengers fully loaded (50 pass.)
--> 1992 0.0086 0.0080 0.00060 0.00016
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.0088 0.0086 0.00062 0.00017
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.0059 0.0058 0.00042 0.00012
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.0059 0.0057 0.00042 0.00011
EEV 0.00062 0.00066 0.000045 0.000013
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.00062 0.00066 0.000045 0.000013
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.0012 0.0012 0.000085 0.000024
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.00058 0.00058 0.000042 0.000012
Average in 2016 0.0023 0.0023 0.00016 0.000045
N2O [g/km] N2O [g/pkm]
Emission standard Empty fully loaded (50 pass.) 14 passengers fully loaded (50 pass.)
--> 1992 0.0070 0.0070 0.00050 0.00014
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.0070 0.0070 0.00050 0.00014
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.0060 0.0060 0.00043 0.00012
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.0040 0.0040 0.00029 0.000080
EEV 0.011 0.011 0.00081 0.00023
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.011 0.011 0.00081 0.00023
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.034 0.034 0.0024 0.00067
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.029 0.029 0.0021 0.00058
Average in 2016 0.021 0.021 0.0015 0.00042
SO2 [g/km] SO2 [g/pkm]
Emission standard Empty fully loaded (50 pass.) 14 passengers fully loaded (50 pass.)
--> 1992 0.0020 0.0027 0.00016 0.000055
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.0017 0.0025 0.00014 0.000050
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 0.0016 0.0025 0.00013 0.000050
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 0.0016 0.0025 0.00013 0.000050
EEV 0.0016 0.0024 0.00013 0.000048
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 0.0016 0.0024 0.00013 0.000048
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 0.0016 0.0024 0.00013 0.000048
EURO VI (2014 --> 0.0016 0.0024 0.00013 0.000048
Average in 2016 0.0016 0.0024 0.00013 0.000049
CO2 [g/km] CO2 [g/pkm]
Emission standard Empty fully loaded (50 pass.) 14 passengers fully loaded (50 pass.)
--> 1992 583 820 46 16
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 504 753 41 15
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 492 744 40 15
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 491 744 40 15
EEV 472 722 39 14
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 472 722 39 14
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 473 720 39 14
EURO VI (2014 --> 468 715 38 14
Average in 2016 477 726 39 15
CO2 e [g/km] CO2 e [g/pkm]
Emission standard Empty  fully loaded (25t load) 14 passengers fully loaded (50 pass.)
--> 1992 585 822 47 16
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 506 755 41 15
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 494 746 40 15
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 493 745 40 15
EEV 475 725 39 15
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 475 725 39 15
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 483 730 39 15
EURO VI (2014 --> 477 724 39 14
Average in 2016 483 733 40 15
Fuel consumption [g/km] Fuel consumption [g/pkm]
Emission standard Empty fully loaded (50 pass.) 14 passengers fully loaded (50 pass.)
--> 1992 205 289 16 5.8
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 177 265 14 5.3
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 173 262 14 5.2
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 173 262 14 5.2
EEV 166 254 14 5.1
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 166 254 14 5.1
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 167 254 14 5.1
EURO VI (2014 --> 165 252 14 5.0
Average in 2016 168 256 14 5.1
Fuel consumption [l/100km] Fuel consumption [l/pkm]
Emission standard Empty fully loaded (50 pass.) 14 passengers fully loaded (50 pass.)
--> 1992 24.9 35.0 0.020 0.0070
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 21.5 32.2 0.018 0.0064
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 21.0 31.8 0.017 0.0064
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 21.0 31.8 0.017 0.0064
EEV 20.2 30.9 0.017 0.0062
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 20.2 30.9 0.017 0.0062
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 20.2 30.8 0.017 0.0062
EURO VI (2014 --> 20.0 30.6 0.016 0.0061
Average in 2016 20.4 31.0 0.017 0.0062
Energy [MJ/km] Energy [MJ/pkm]
Emission standard Empty fully loaded (50 pass.) 14 passengers fully loaded (50 pass.)
--> 1992 8.9 12.5 0.71 0.25
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 7.7 11.5 0.62 0.23
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 7.5 11.3 0.61 0.23
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 7.5 11.3 0.61 0.23
EEV 7.2 11.0 0.59 0.22
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 7.2 11.0 0.59 0.22
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 7.2 11.0 0.59 0.22
EURO VI (2014 --> 7.1 10.9 0.58 0.22
Average in 2016 7.3 11.1 0.59 0.22
Energy [kWh/km] Energy [kWh/pkm]
Emission standard Empty fully loaded (50 pass.) 14 passengers fully loaded (50 pass.)
--> 1992 2.5 3.5 0.20 0.069
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 2.1 3.2 0.17 0.064
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 2.1 3.1 0.17 0.063
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 2.1 3.1 0.17 0.063
EEV 2.0 3.1 0.16 0.061
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 2.0 3.1 0.16 0.061
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 2.0 3.0 0.16 0.061
EURO VI (2014 --> 2.0 3.0 0.16 0.060
Average in 2016 2.0 3.1 0.17 0.061
Emission standard Share of mileage [%]
--> 1992 0.1
EURO I (1993 - 1996) 0.9
EURO II (1997 - 1998) 7.7
EURO III (1999 - 2003) 17.9
EEV 2.0
EURO IV (2004 - 2007) 17.9
EURO V (2008 - 2013 ) 41.4
EURO VI (2014 --> 12.0
Total in 2016 100
CO = Carbon monoxide, HC = Total Hydrocarbons (including Methane CH4), NOx = Nitrogen oxides, PM = Total Particulate matter, CH4 = Methane, N2O = Nitrous oxides, SO2 = Sulphur dioxide, CO2 = Carbon dioxide, CO2e = greenhouse gases in CO2 equivalents (CH4 factor 25 and N2O factor 298), MJ = Megajoule, kWh = Kilowatthour, tkm = tonne kilometre, pkm = passenger/person kilometre
CO2 emissions include the share fo biofuels being in 2016 in diesel (renewable diesel) 11.5% of the calorific value
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
LIPASTO unit emissions database
Last updated 6.7.2017